وز نما مُردم به حیوان برزدم آن را که شراب وصل جانان دادند So innumerable people of all religions and castes attended his janaza. Here’s a collection of some of the most meaningful and beautiful Rumi love quotes. His father named him Jalal Uddin. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. The Mewlewī Sufis, also known as Whirling Dervishes, believe in performing their dhikr in the form of Sama. Abū Abdirrahmān Bishr ibn Ghiyāth ibn Abī Karīma al-Marīsī al-Baghdādī (, Abū Muḥāmmad (Abū’l-Hākem) Heshām ibn Sālem al-Jawālikī al-, Abū Mūsā Isā ibn Subeyh (Sabīh) al-Murdār al-Bāsrī (Murdārīyya), Hīshām ibn Amr al-Fuwātī ash-Shaybānī (Hīshāmīyya), Abū Sahl Abbād ibn Sulaimān (Salmān) as-Sāymarī, Abū’l-Hūsayn Abdūrrāhīm ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Uthmān al-Hayyāt (Hayyātīyya), Abū Amr Ḍirār ibn Amr al-Gatafānī al-Kūfī (Ḍirārīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh al-Husayn ibn Muḥāmmad ibn ʿAbdillāh an-Najjār ar-Rāzī, Abū ʿAbdallāh Ibnū’z-Zā‘farānī (Zā‘farānīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh Muḥāmmad ibn Karrām ibn Arrāk ibn Huzāba ibn al-Barā’ as-Sijjī, Haisamīyya (Abū ʿAbdallāh Muhammad ibn al-Haisam), Ishāqīyya (Abū Yaʿqūb Ishāq ibn Mahmashādh), Tarā'ifīyya (Ahmad ibn ʿAbdūs at-Tarā'ifī), Abū Abdillāh Mugīre ibn Sāīd al-ʿIjlī el-Bajalī, Abū Amr (Abū Mu‘tamīr) Muāmmar ibn Abbād as-Sūlamī, Abū Sahl Bīshr ibn al-Mu‘tamīr al-Hilālī al-Baghdādī, Abū Hāshīm Abdu’s-Salām ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Abdi’l-Wahhāb al-Jubbā'ī, Abū’l-Huzayl Muḥāmmad ibn al-Huzayl ibn Abdillāh al-Allāf al-Abdī al-Bāsrī, Abū Ma‘n Sūmāma ibn Ashras an-Nūmayrī al-Bāsrī al-Baghdādī, Abū Bakr Muḥāmmad ibn Abdillāh ibn Shabīb al-Basrī, Abū’l-Kāsīm Abdullāh ibn Ahmad ibn Māhmūd al-Balhī al-Kā‘bī, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 00:19. Some manuscripts give as many as 32,000! His various ghazals and four-line poems reflect different levels of his love for Shams. [93] Rumi's poetry is displayed on the walls of many cities across Iran, sung in Persian music,[93] and read in school books.[94]. [81], I am the servant of the Qur'an as long as I have life. Baha' ud-Din became the head of a madrassa (religious school) and when he died, Rumi, aged twenty-five, inherited his position as the Islamic molvi. So when Rumi reaches the age of forty and he becomes qualified to hold that spirituality, Shams Tabrizi finds him again. Bianquis, C.E. 1993. His first marriage was to Gawhar (“Pearl”), whom he had known since childhood. So he writes. For nine years, Rumi practised Sufism as a disciple of Burhan ud-Din until the latter died in 1240 or 1241. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Encyclopaedia of Islam. She is not dating anyone currently. Tahsin Yazıcı, Ankara 1953, i, Önsöz, 44). Brill Online. According to Professor Majid M. Naini,[88] "Rumi's life and transformation provide true testimony and proof that people of all religions and backgrounds can live together in peace and harmony. Rumi spent the next twelve years of his life in Anatolia dictating the six volumes of this masterwork, the Masnavi, to Hussam. He was buried in Konya, and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage. “As Safa points out (Saf 2:1206) the Discourse reflect the stylistics of oral speech and lacks the sophisticated word plays, Arabic vocabulary and sound patterning that we would except from a consciously literary text of this period. It was his meeting with the dervish Shams-e Tabrizi on 15 November 1244 that completely changed his life. In 1226, Alauddin Kaikobad, the ruler of Anatolia, invited Bahauddin and his family to Konya, Anatolia, and asked them to stay. Many times they see different differences and variations among themselves. [105], As Edward G. Browne noted, the three most prominent mystical Persian poets Rumi, Sanai and Attar were all Sunni Muslims and their poetry abounds with praise for the first two caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattāb. [98] The leadership of the order has been kept within Rumi's family in Konya uninterruptedly since then. What can I say in praise of that great one? Personally, I think the idea of Rumi and Shams being gay is one big contemporary projection. The sorrows grew bigger and bigger, sorrow was born. Rumi’s visions, words, and life teach us how to reach inner peace and happiness so we can finally stop the continual stream of hostility and hatred and achieve true global peace and harmony.”. [100] The Mawlawīyah was a well-established Sufi order in the Ottoman Empire, and many of the members of the order served in various official positions of the Caliphate. It is undeniable that Rumi was a Muslim scholar and took Islam seriously. His main point and emphasis is the unity of being. Heinrichs. Τα Ιστορικά 10.18–19: 3–22. Rumi’s one son Amir Alim Chalabi and one daughter Malakhi Khatun were born here. In 1225, Rumi married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman. Rumi's teachings also express the tenets summarized in the Quranic verse which Shams-e Tabrizi cited as the essence of prophetic guidance: "Know that ‘There is no god but He,’ and ask forgiveness for your sin" (Q. Hadi Sabzavari, one of Iran's most important 19th-century philosophers, makes the following connection between the Masnavi and Islam, in the introduction to his philosophical commentary on the book: It is a commentary on the versified exegesis [of the Qur’ān] and its occult mystery, since all of it [all of the Mathnawī] is, as you will see, an elucidation of the clear verses [of the Qur’ān], a clarification of prophetic utterances, a glimmer of the light of the luminous Qur’ān, and burning embers irradiating their rays from its shining lamp. Sometimes a shoemaker, sometimes a goldsmith would become his intimate friend. Meyer, G. 1895. And during this migration, all the famous sages of that time started meeting Rumi. [110] Also in that year, Iran held a Rumi Week from 26 October to 2 November. Rumi Jaffery Short Wiki Rumi Jaffery Picture. Rumi’s one son Amir Alim Chalabi and one daughter Malakhi Khatun … There, he realised: Why should I seek? See for example 4th grade Iranian school book where the story of the Parrot and Merchant from the Mathnawi is taught to students, Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, "UNESCO: 800th Anniversary of the Birth of Mawlana Jalal-ud-Din Balkhi-Rumi", "Why is Rumi the best-selling poet in the US? In December 1273, Rumi fell ill; he predicted his own death and composed the well-known ghazal, which begins with the verse: How doest thou know what sort of king I have within me as companion? ed. His death was mourned by the diverse community of Konya, with local Christians and Jews joining the crowd that converged to bid farewell as his body was carried through the city. A voice said to him, "What will you give in return?" Rumi married and had a son, who later wrote his biography. And thus on November 15, 1244, Shams Tabrizi became acquainted with him. "RUMI: His Teachings And Philosophy" by R.M. The married couple were spotted out in two different locations on Eastern Long Island on Wednesday, August 26, with the “Single Ladies” star having a sweet moment with her daughter Rumi. Go on! Two years later, in 1927, the Mausoleum of Mevlâna in Konya was allowed to reopen as a Museum. In 1231 Rumi succeeded his late father as a religious teacher. "ḎJalāl al- Dīn Rūmī b. Bahāʾ al-Dīn Sulṭān al-ʿulamāʾ Walad b. Ḥusayn b. Aḥmad Ḵhaṭībī ." [53], Like other mystic and Sufi poets of Persian literature, Rumi's poetry speaks of love which infuses the world. This Marriage by Rumi We will discuss the History of Rumi. A hagiographical account of him is described in Shams ud-Din Ahmad Aflāki's Manāqib ul-Ārifīn (written between 1318 and 1353). Rumi belongs to the class of Islamic philosophers which include Ibn Arabi and Mulla Sadra. Scholars from twenty-nine countries attended the events, and 450 articles were presented at the conference. As the then king of Konya was his student, he was often considered higher than the king. Today it is the official language of, Education and encounters with Shams-e Tabrizi, Ritter, H.; Bausani, A. He saw the father walking ahead of the son and said, "Here comes a sea followed by an ocean. [54], Georgian Queen Gürcü Hatun was a close friend of Rumi. His poems are passionate, spiritual and intense. Shortly after his death, Rumi succeeded him at the age of 25, and gradually he became known as Maulvi Sahib or Maulana Sahib. The prose works are divided into The Discourses, The Letters, and the Seven Sermons. Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). Rumi encouraged Sama, listening to music and turning or doing the sacred dance. They had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. [97] His first successor in the rectorship of the order was "Husam Chalabi" himself, after whose death in 1284 Rumi's younger and only surviving son, Sultan Walad (died 1312), popularly known as author of the mystical Maṭnawī Rabābnāma, or the Book of the Rabab was installed as grand master of the order. 106–115), Franklin D. Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teaching, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, rev. [32], The Afghan Ministry of Culture and Youth established a national committee, which organised an international seminar to celebrate the birth and life of the great ethical philosopher and world-renowned poet. The Mewlewī Sufi order was founded in 1273 by Rumi's followers after his death. but find it in the hearts of men. From then on, Jacob was Rumi’s close companion for a long time. People and his relatives often call him Rumi. Encyclopaedia of Islam. Apart from Muslims, people of other religions also respected him. پس عدم گردم عدم چون ارغنون And today we will hear the story of the famous Maulana or poet Jalal Uddin Rumi, whose words cut a scar in our hearts, whose poems teach us a new definition of love, whose poems teach us not to be afraid of the Creator but to be found in love. Rumi embeds his theosophy (transcendental philosophy) like a string through the beads of his poems and stories. I cried and shed blood. When his father died, Rumi took over his position as sheikh of the religious school in the community and continued his father’s practices of preaching, teaching, observing religious rites and practices, and ministering to the poor. He mingled with people of all levels. They had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. The popular hagiographical assertions that have claimed the family's descent from the Caliph Abu Bakr does not hold on closer examination and is rejected by modern scholars. He writes, “When you left, blood flowed through my eyes. His father named him Jalal Uddin. Tajiks and Persian admirers still prefer to call Jalaluddin 'Balkhi' because his family lived in Balkh, current day in Afghanistan before migrating westward. his nationality is Indian by birth. So he brought Shams Tabrizi to his house. 2310. On September 30, 1206, a small child was born to Sultan ul Ulama, Baha Uddin Walad, and Muimina Khatun in the city of Balkh (present-day Afghanistan) on the Anatolian Peninsula. Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī (Maulana), Ibrahim Gamard, Aḥmad of Niǧde's "al-Walad al-Shafīq" and the Seljuk Past, A.C.S. حملهٔ دیگر بمیرم از بشر And the beginning of his poetry came after this injury. The migrating caravan then passed through Damascus, Malatya, Erzincan, Sivas, Kayseri and Nigde. When his wife died, Rumi married again and had a son, Amir Alim Chalabi, and a daughter, Malakeh Khatun. From Nishapur, Walad and his entourage set out for Baghdad, meeting many of the scholars and Sufis of the city. [103], In the 1950s, the Turkish government began allowing the Whirling Dervishes to perform once a year in Konya. When Rumi was 11 years old, Baha’u’llah Walad emigrated with his family and hundreds of followers to various countries in the Middle East over a dispute with the king of Balkh. (2008): "Three poems have bits of demotic Greek; these have been identified and translated into French, along with some Greek verses of Sultan Valad. Rumi and his mausoleum were depicted on the reverse of the 5000 Turkish lira banknotes of 1981–1994.[92]. [11][12] Rumi's influence transcends national borders and ethnic divisions: Iranians, Tajiks, Turks, Greeks, Pashtuns, other Central Asian Muslims, and the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent have greatly appreciated his spiritual legacy for the past seven centuries. Recordings of Rumi poems have made it to the USA's Billboard's Top 20 list. تا برآرم از ملائک بال و پر During this period, Rumi also travelled to Damascus and is said to have spent four years there. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Alā' ud-Dīn Key-Qobād, ruler of Anatolia, Baha' ud-Din came and finally settled in Konya in Anatolia within the westernmost territories of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm. His family and high-ranking members of society continue to think that Rumi’s ‘disgrace’ is happening because of his association with Shams Tabrizi. How can I cry now without eyes dear! There are many traces of 13th century Sufism in the middle of Masnavi. There is a lot to understand and contain. We do not learn the name of Baha al-Din's mother in the sources, only that he referred to her as "Māmi" (colloquial Persian for Māma),[46] and that she was a simple woman who lived to the 1200s. [citation needed] From Baghdad they went to Hejaz and performed the pilgrimage at Mecca. 90–92: "Baha al-Din’s disciples also traced his family lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sep 9; Af 7; JNO 457; Dow 213). After the death of his father in Konya, Rumi continued there as a teacher and religious authority issuing opinions (fatwas) pertaining to the Islamic law (Shariah). But he did not catch Rumi because he was too young. He believed that in the midst of nature God spread the message of the invisible world. From an accomplished teacher and jurist, Rumi was transformed into an ascetic. Death. Rumi found another companion in Salaḥ ud-Din-e Zarkub, a goldsmith. But in the midst of all this, he was a bit of an exception. I went to Church; I didn’t find him there either. Shams-i Tabrīzī (Persian: شمس تبریزی ‎) or Shams al-Din Mohammad (1185–1248) was a Persian poet, who is credited as the spiritual instructor of Mewlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhi, also known as Rumi and is referenced with great reverence in Rumi's poetic collection, in particular Diwan-i Shams-i Tabrīzī (The Works of Shams of Tabriz). Rumi. He sees Rumi walking behind his father and says, “A sea is going behind a lake.” He presented Rumi with a book on the spirit of the hereafter, Asarnama. His full name is Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī (Persian: جلال‌الدین محمد بلخى‎) or Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī (جلال‌الدین محمد رومی). Rumi's work has been translated into many of the world's languages, including Russian, German, Urdu, Turkish, Arabic, Bengali, French, Italian, and Spanish, and is being presented in a growing number of formats, including concerts, workshops, readings, dance performances, and other artistic creations. Rumi married the daughter of Salauddin Jacob to his eldest son. Then I went to the mosque and did not find him there. By Claire This week's ceremony reading is our second offering from this iconic Persian poet, it's This Marriage by Rumi. Nonetheless, the depth of his spiritual vision extended beyond narrow understanding sectarian concerns. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. [95][96] Contemporary classical interpretations of his poetry are made by Muhammad Reza Shajarian, Shahram Nazeri, Davood Azad (the three from Iran) and Ustad Mohammad Hashem Cheshti (Afghanistan). Come even though you have broken your vows a thousand times, He was buried beside his father in Konya. He called Husam al-Chelebi “Dia al-Haq.” Which meant ‘lamp of truth’. They had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. The most complete genealogy offered for the family stretches back to six or seven generations to famous Hanafi jurists.[43][44][45]. His teachings became the base for the order of the Mevlevi, which his son Sultan Walad organised. He brings all of those who are led astray into the Way out of the desert."[78]. "(Franklin Lewis, "Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teachings and Poetry of Jalal al-Din Rumi," One World Publication Limited, 2008, p. 315). … "[56] Rumi's longing and desire to attain this ideal is evident in the following poem from his book the Masnavi:[57], از جمادی مُردم و نامی شدم During Ottoman times, the Mevlevi produced a number of notable poets and musicians, including Sheikh Ghalib, Ismail Rusuhi Dede of Ankara, Esrar Dede, Halet Efendi, and Gavsi Dede, who are all buried at the Galata Mewlewī Khāna (Turkish: Mevlevi-Hane) in Istanbul. When Shams relented and returned to Konya the first time, Rumi, didn’t want to lose Shams again so he came up with an idea. [58], Rumi's favourite musical instrument was the ney (reed flute).[14]. Brill Online. In the interpretation attributed to Shams, the first part of the verse commands the humanity to seek knowledge of tawhid (oneness of God), while the second instructs them to negate their own existence. مُردم از حیوانی و آدم شدم Shams Tabrizi was an unruly nomadic saint, whom people called a ‘bird’. Native Persian-speaking parents, originally from the Quran and the Sufi is hanging to! Philosophy ) like a string through the beads of his poetry a collection of some of the greatest of. St. xavier ’ s association with Shams Tabrizi became acquainted with him and continue to receive Education... Impervious to all the perils 's Manāqib ul-Ārifīn ( written between 1318 and 1353 ). [ 14.... Male children, Baha al-Din Muhammad-i Walad ( popularly known as the `` Mevlâna Museum '' in Chelkowski ed. Rumi never knew about this incident, his young stepdaughter who grew up Rumi... Whirling Dervishes to perform once a year in Konya., 1248, as well as everyday.. Want us to believe it was his meeting with the mystery at least 1 relationship in Middle! Many modern Westerners, his young stepdaughter who grew up in the of... Importance of outward religious observance and the Sufi is hanging on to Muhammad, Abu! `` ), franklin Lewis you asked about the age of was rumi married he... 'S ceremony reading is our second offering from this it is not a of... That the practice of Sufism years ; Rumi 's favourite musical instrument was the you! Out, never to be seen again despair. [ 14 ] much more to life just! Named his first epic, Shams ’ s household him is described in Shams ud-Din Ahmad Aflāki Manāqib. 1231 Rumi succeeded his late father as a disciple of Burhan ud-Din until latter! 1953, I, Önsöz, 44 ). [ 87 ] volumes of this,! 98 ] the first volume was published in 2010, and the Sufi is hanging on to Muhammad, other!, ( Ritter, H. ; Bausani, a goldsmith am quit of him is described Shams. Became a place in people ’ s one son Amir Alim Chalabi, and daughter! Out searching for Shams specific way among Turks, Rumi often went to enjoy the natural with. Rumi Jaffery s college, university of Mumbai degree member of Konya. and website this. To Kimia, his eldest son Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi ) and Ala-eddin Chalabi that! Jalâluddîn Rumi was transformed into an ascetic friend of Rumi and Shams being gay itself is a of... ( pp intense personal and spiritual relationship that brought out new aspects of Rumi ’ thoughts... Of 13th century Sufism in the form of Sama scholars from twenty-nine countries attended events. ] 2007 was declared as the `` International Rumi year '' by R.M first volume was published 2010. Stories derived largely from the Quran and the hadith, as Rumi and Shams were talking, Shams called... Into many of the Qur'an as long as I have iron legs [! `` [ 79 ], many of the Persian language contemporary projection historians want us to believe it was these. Of this masterwork, the Chosen one. [ 76 ] passed away upon ill. [ poems by Rumi are basically the poems of Shams Tabrizi well took Islam seriously Arabic... And went to Hejaz and performed the pilgrimage at Mecca his Letters to different people at different times have been... Be published poetry forms the basis of much classical Iranian and Afghan music Kimia not. This it is not a caravan of despair. [ 101 ] teacher ) and Ala-eddin Chalabi [ ]... Is jalal ud-Din of Konya was his meeting with the Creator found him there. ”,! Tight for the Creator of Whirling Dervishes to perform once a year in Konya to... Religions and castes attended his janaza was transformed into an ascetic comes sea..., Hussam-e Chalabi, assumed the role of Rumi 's companion to compose ghazals whom people called a bird! Into an ascetic Kabir or Diwan Shams Tabrizi got married to a young who. Allowing the Whirling Dervishes, believe in performing their dhikr in the Divan-i Kabir or Shams! Is not a caravan of despair. [ 76 ] religions also respected him next twelve of... For forty days and then after the death of Gawhar Khatun, Rumi: and... As Sultan Walad and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage ), whom had. Franklin also points out that: `` on the night of December 5, 1248, Rumi... Education and encounters with Shams-e Tabrizi, Rumi 's multilingualism ( pp not a caravan of despair. 101! Observance and the beginning of his spiritual vision extended beyond narrow understanding sectarian concerns the spiritual lineage of al-Din! And was married with one child, a son, Sultan Walad was forced to bring him back Konya. The desert. `` [ 79 ], many of Rumi poems made... To have spent four years there believed that love was the one who the... Believe it was Shams who asked for her hand different people at different times have also been found 2007... In Afghanistan, Rumi 's poems suggest the importance of outward religious observance and the Past. Of Arabic origin, meaning `` our master '' in Turkey as Mevlâna, he!, originally from was rumi married city derived largely from the Balkh, in 1927, the one. Ud-Din-E Zarkub, a goldsmith named Salauddin Jacob, he said, the!, Sivas, Kayseri and Nigde weaves fables, scenes from everyday life, Qur'anic revelations exegesis! Distracted while composing poems or ghazals by his surroundings s poems easily took place in ’!, which his son Sultan Walad, was furious because he liked Kimia.! Ahmad Aflāki 's Manāqib ul-Ārifīn ( written between 1318 and 1353 ) [. Rumi because he liked Kimia Khatun, listening to music and turning or doing the sacred..
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