Then there is the canopy layer. The high humidity and rainfall contribute to lush greenery. So if you are under the attack of any ailment or infection, it is Amazon rainforest that comes to your rescue in the form of medicines. Rainforest animas use lianas to climb trees and to get around the upper levels of the tropical rainforest. This page contains information on rainforest plants, and includes examples of many amazing species. The leaves of rainforest plants are often waxy, with thin tips, known as ‘drip-tips’. The plant, which has been in operation since 1978, produces more than 750 tons of pulp for paper every 24 hours, worth approximately $500,000, and has built 2,800 miles of roads through the Amazon rainforest to be used by its 700 vehicles. Don’t miss the video of the world’s largest flower further down the page! There are around 2,800 palm species in the world. These amazing plants actually provide a space in their stems for ants to live in. When we talk about rainforest facts, some foods we eat like chocolate, pineapple, and medicines we use are derived from rainforest plants and animals, and there are some ingredients which are only found in the rainforest climate. Many of these plants are used in cancer fighting drugs. Bougainvilleas are well-known for their beautiful flower-like leaves, which grow around the actual flower. Rainforest Animals List with Pictures & Facts, Clouded Leopard Facts For Kids & Students: Pictures, Information & Video, Animals That Start With L: List With Pictures & Facts, Desert Animals: A List Of Animals That Live In The Desert With Pictures & Facts – Plus FREE question sheet, Nine-Banded Armadillo Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, Bighorn Sheep Facts: Discover The Largest Sheep Native To North America, American Alligator Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. Plants that live in the rainforest must be able to survive in areas that receive a lot of rain and may even flood. Rainforest facts . It can be said approximately 40% of South America. But it’s not all about keeping animals away. Kids can find ferns and herbs outside of the rainforest in many non-tropical areas. The following adaptations allow plants to survive in the conditions of the rainforest. Plants and animals have adapted to live in one particular layer of the rainforest. According to the Encyclopedia of Earth, rainforest environments produce four general categories of plant types--savannahs, shrub lands, woodlands and scrub lands. Buttress roots grow out at an angle from a tree’s trunk up to 10 metres from the ground. A leaf holding water could become too heavy and break. A colourful entry to the tropical rainforest plants list, Bougainvilleas are native to South America. The plants of the rainforest are involved in the gas exchanges which provide a great deal of the worlds oxygen supply by recycling carbon dioxide into oxygen. Rainforests usually occur in regions where there is a high annual rainfall of generally more than 1,800 mm (70 inches) and a hot and steamy climate. 90% of flowering plants require animal assistance to pollinate. Together, the epiphytes on a single tree can weigh several tonnes. Rainforest plants are used to make medicine, and others are used in cosmetics. Bougainvillea is a rainforest plant. They often occur near the coast. They have large leaves and are ‘evergreen’, which means their leaves are green for all of the year. Some of the most useful plants in the tropical rainforest are palms. Rainforest hardwood trees, such as mahogany, are harvested for their wood. Near the equator, the atmosphere is hot and humid. Tropical rainforests, such as the Amazon Rainforest in South America, Daintree Rainforest in Australia, and the Congo Rainforest in Africa, are home to an incredible number of plants. This acts as a platform for visiting insects. Epiphytes don’t have their roots in the soil, and cannot obtain water and nutrients like other plants. Epiphytes are plants that grow on other plants. Orchids have three petals and three sepals (sepals are the outer parts of the flower. Because of this, many rainforest trees have developed what are known as ‘buttress roots’. 10 Rainforest Plant Facts: Some plants in the rainforest can grow without soil thanks to the high humidity and heavy rainfall. These roots stick out of the mud or water like snorkels. Kapok trees are found in South American, Asian and African tropical rainforests. The high humidity and plentiful rain of the rainforest enable some plants to actually grow without soil. This unique flower is very distinct because of its white and purple flowers that have a seemingly plastic appearance, and an intricate smell. This article is part of our Rainforest series. And it rains here. This includes most of the other trees, and if you look at the rainforest from above, it looks like a single unbroken sea of trees. Many bromeliads are epiphytes, growing in the canopy of tropical rainforests. 1. The water is used not only by the plant itself, but also by many rainforest animals. Within each setting, rainforest plants can develop adaptations specific to their own environment. Plants need water to survive; however in the rainforest the problem is not that there is not enough water but that there is often too much. Rainforest Plants. Epiphytes. There are more than around 80,000 different species of Rainforest plants, and these include flowers with special features and adaptations, trees with the unique root system, shrubs, bushes, and many vines that are utilized by man either for commercial or food purposes. Rainforest plants are in a constant battle, not just with the insects, fungi, birds and mammals that eat them, but also with each other. The soil in the rainforest does not have many nutrients. Join us as we discover one of our planet’s most fascinating habitats, teeming with wildlife and incredible ecosystems in our awesome facts about rainforests! A fascinating fact about the rainforests is that the tropical rainforests supply the high amounts of oxygen that we take in today. These are roots that grow out of the trunk above the ground before extending downwards into the soil. Not only will he now be attractive to female bees – if he visits another bucket orchid, he will also pollinate the flower. The male bee then flies off. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! Rainforests are dense and contain the largest diversity of animals, plants and insects. You can see a video of a Rafflesia below. There are over 27,000 species of orchid. Kapok trees (Ceiba pentandra) have buttress roots. The only way out is through a special passage. At 7.8- 8.20 million square miles, it’s larger than the Indonesia and Congo rainforests combined. It is thought that there are over 15,000 species in Central and South American tropical rainforests. Bucket Orchids are found in Central and South America. Some tropical rainforest plants are poisonous, some have thorns, some have thick bark and others have tough leaves. Two thirds of the earths plant species are found in tropical rainforests. There isn’t much difference between summer and winter. The ‘peach palm’ of Brazil produces up to 300 peach-like fruits a season. Over 50 species of epiphyte have been found growing on a single tropical rainforest tree. There are thousands of butterfly species found in the Tropical Rainforest Biome. Epiphytes are extremely common in tropical rainforests. This is just another example of the strange and beautiful plants and animals that live hidden in rainforests. Aquatic plants have floating leaves in which chlorophyll is restricted only on the top surface which is green in color. Rainforest trees often have shallow roots. Most are found in tropical and subtropical regions. Pollination is the process that starts a new plant growing. The trees, shrubs, vines and flowers of tropical rainforests provide food and shelter for the animals that live in the forests. General Rainforest Plant Facts Two thirds of the earths plant species are found in tropical rainforests. The little nutrients available are found near the top of the soil and the deeper you get the less nutrients are available. Trees and plants such as wasai, lapacho, and cordoncillo are rich in medicinal values. Rattan palms are used to make furniture. (The other 10% use wind or other means to transfer pollen). Plants of the genus Cecropia also rely on insect help. ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. Types Of Tropical Rainforest Plant Vines. Also present are Saw palm, Cat’s-foot, Lichen Moss, Twisty grass, Teak, Cypress, Live Oak, Parasol Plant, Sargasso, Sesame, Cedar, Palmetto. Rainforests cover about 6% of the Earth‘s land surface. Rainforest maintains our provision of safe drinking water. One of the widely-known Amazon Rainforest facts is its status as the biggest rainforest in the world. Many other rainforest plants are harvested for food. American Badger Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. Some plants such as the Strangler Fig actually start life high in the canopy, thus capturing needed sunlight immediately. 1/5th of the fresh water is found in the tropical rainforest, the Amazon Basin to be exact. Tropical Rainforest Plants. It gives of a smell like rotting flesh, which is why it is also known as the ‘Corpse Flower’. You can find out more about rainforests at our main rainforest page. They widen the base of the tree, making it more stable in the thin soil. 24 Rainforest Facts for Kids A rainforest is a forest that receives an above normal amount of rainfall each year. In Central American rainforests, rival strawberry poison dart frogs might wrestle for up to 20 minutes! Evergreen shrubs and small trees are characteristic of shrub land environments. Facts about Australian Rainforests 10: World Heritage area. In order to get the sunlight that they need, plants have to be able to grow faster, or to have bigger leaves, than their neighbours. Orchids are flowering plants which are found all over the world. These thick, woody plants have roots in the ground and wrap themselves around other plants in order to reach the sunlight. Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! Rainforests are made up of five layers. These are, from the top down, the emergent, the canopy, the under-storey, the shrub and the forest floor. Bromeliads have a tight rosette of spiky leaves. On this page we’ll discover some of the plants in the tropical rainforest. We hope that you have enjoyed learning about some of the amazing plants in the tropical rainforest. Tropical rainforests are the lungs of the earth. This single manufacturing plant consumes 2,000 tons of surrounding rainforest wood every day to produce 55 megawatts of electricity to run the plant. For example vines quickly grow up the trunks and branches of trees to reach sunlight. A favorite plant and flower to find in the Amazon Rainforest, the monkey brush (Combretum rotundifolium) has a unique appearance. No sunlight on the ground Thick Canopy of Trees. Palms also provide food, mainly in the form of fruit. The male bees are attracted by the flower’s scent. 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