Over time we’ll be adding more species-specific care guides to our site. Below are just a few of the more popular ones. Breeding : These are livebearers so it is fairly easy. Eating too much or too fast could result in potentially dangerous constipation, so you must stay on top of their eating habits. Place the pair in the breeding tank and watch the mating ritual! Specific examples include: giant water bugs (Belostomatidae), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis), bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana), snowy egret (Egretta thula), and raccoon (Procyon lotor). There are reportedly around 39 different species. These fish get slightly bigger than your average molly, meaning they will need a bigger tank to prevent stress.For sailfin varieties, aim for a tank size of 30 gallons or bigger. The molly can also benefit from aragonite sand, as it disperses beneficial minerals into the water. While they aren’t the longest-living freshwater species out there, there is some wiggle room depending on what species you get. Mollies aren’t picky about lighting levels, but you do need lights to keep the plants healthy. It's going to depend on the care they get and the health of the fish you bought. If kept in a healthy environment, a group of mollies will thrive and can live up to 5 years. Sailfin mollies, and other introduced poeciliids, have been implicated in the decline of native damselflies on Oahu, Hawaii. The Dalmatian Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. Life Span : 3 - 5 years. This means adding plenty of plants and lots of places to seek shelter. Common Name- The Giant Sailfin Molly Water Conditions- Good filtration, 73-80 temp, pH 7.5- 8.5 Water Changes of a least 50% a week Behavior- A well behaved community species. Molly disease, also known as the “shimmies” is something to be aware of. Like the sailfin, different colors of balloon mollies are available. Sailfin Mollies have been used extensively in the development of today’s domesticated variants, which exist in a wide range of colors. As a whole, mollies are very adaptable. They are generally found in brackish environments including coastal marshes, streams, swamps and ponds. The latter originally refers to melanistic breeds of Poecilia sphenops. The male Sailfin Molly fish life expectancy are about one year and the female’s approximately 3 years. 7. Here are some solid tank mates choices for the molly fish: Molly fish will also get along with most freshwater aquarium shrimp and snails quite well too. They can experience Ich, bacterial infections, flukes, and parasites. You really have plenty of options! Create a separate breeding tank with slightly warmer temperatures up to 78 degrees Fahrenheit. Various Poecilia fishes have some differences in their morphological characters, they’ve got used to different life conditions. Size- 4- 5.5 inches Breeding- 10-40 young after approx. Author Note: The only exception for tank size revolves around the sailfin molly. Aquarium Source is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. It’s rare that you will come across a fish store that doesn’t sell mollies – they are one of the most popular freshwater fish. Otherwise, hybrids can be bred among themselves, or with a higher rate of success with their parent species. For a larger group, you need to bump up the tank size by at least three gallons of volume per fish. [3][permanent dead link]. As a result, you can find a wide range of colors and species to enjoy. Wild sailfin mollies are also bred as feeder fish for larger carnivorous fish, though usually guppies are used for that. An even larger group is better if possible! The anal fin of the female is broad and fanned. Mollies were first introduced to the hobby in 1899 and different varieties started appearing in 1920s. While they’re not considered a great algae-eater, they do like to snack on it frequently. These include molly disease and constipation. The size of adult males is directly correlated with population density. The maximum reported size of the sailfin molly is 12.5 cm (Robins & Ray 1986), although most specimens collected in the IRL are less than 6 cm (Klassen 1998). They’re easy to care for and can adapt well to most standard tank setups. III. This species is listed as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).[1]. The quality of care you provide will also impact their lifespan significantly. Millie is a passionate aquarist who caught the fishkeeping bug in high school and has been addicted ever since. However, the dorsal fin is much taller and stretches to the base of the tailfin. The average molly fish lifespan ranges between three and five years. So if you’re looking for information on specific types of molly fish, check back soon! When most people think of molly fish, they picture the common molly. The average molly fish lifespan is around three to five years. Sailfin Mollies are peaceful fish that are incredibly easy to care for. Sailfin mollies are members of the lower end of the food chain. You might see some splashes of yellow or orange on the fins, but most of the body is pure black. Contrary to the belief of some, you don’t need salt in the water to keep these fish healthy. Nonindigenous populations are established in New Zealand, in the western U.S., and Hawaii. Sailfin molly: 4-6 inches. Sailfin molly, Breitflossenkärpfling (German), bubuntis (Tagalog), Molinezja szerokopletwa (Polish), molliénésie á voilure (French), and tabai (Hawaiian). Females tend to be larger and more plainly colored, a different characteristic to the Poeciliidae. Beyond those two issues, mollies can also suffer from common freshwater diseases. [citation needed] The maximum recorded size for this species is 150 mm (5.9 in) TL.[6]. The sailfin molly has been introduced to many parts of the United States and other countries around the world for both mosquito control and aquariums. Dalmation mollies can be standard, lyretail, balloon, or sailfin! Females are more likely to breed with the largest male. Healthy mollies can spawn new fry several times throughout their lives. The Molly fish (Scientific Name: Poecilia or more relevantly Poecilia sphenops) come in a large variety of shapes & colors and are rated as one of the most popular aquarium fishes. They’re peaceful and do well with others. According to the Flordia Museum of Natural History, male sailfin mollies do not live more than a year after reaching sexual maturity. Not long, sadly (especially so for the males). They typically inhabit slow-moving tropical rivers teeming with vegetation. Author Note: Generally, sand substrates are best if you want plants. These freshwater fish have a wide natural distribution. The Golden Sailfin Molly is a peaceful and flexible fish species that originates from coastal areas of North America. and the Description of Lecithobotrys sprenti n. sp. The sailfin molly is a tolerant species, as it can exploit the thin film of oxygen-rich surface water with its upturned mouth, so is able to survive oxygen-depleted habitats. Breeding boxes keep the female contained while the fry slips down through the bottom. This will be your lifeline when it comes to understanding the state of your tank at a glance, and making adjustments when necessary. The trematode Saccocoelioides sogandaresi is a known parasite of the sailfin molly,[9][10][11] as is the ciliated protozoan Ichthyophthirius multifiliis,[12] which causes the disease commonly known as freshwater white spot, freshwater ich, or freshwater ick.[13]. This will more closely replicate their natural diet and allow for a longer lifespan. Very popular in fish stores, the Dalmation molly is covered with a base color of white. Mexican sailfin molly: 4-6 inches. Author Note: Some species of mollies are more susceptible to bad water conditions than others, leading to a much shorter lifespan. LIFE HISTORY AND POPULATION BIOLOGY Age, Size, Lifespan: The maximum age and lifespan of P. latipinna is unknown, and growth varies with food availability, environmental conditions and other factors. Choose a powerful filter that can hold a lot of biomedia. The body shape of this fish results in compacted organs. Once they get a bit bigger, move onto baby brine shrimp until they can consume standard foods. Feeding Silfin Mollies Sailfin Molly fish prefer vegetation to any other type of food but like the occasional mosquito larva. As long as the other tank mates are peaceful, mollies won’t have any problems living with them. The Mexican Sailfin Molly is also known as the Giant Sailfin Molly and the Yucatan Molly. While most are found in rivers, they can also swim into brackish waters or even the open ocean for short periods! Mollies spend most of their time in the middle and upper parts of the water column. A small group can easily raise ammonia and nitrate levels to unhealthy levels. Impact of Introduction: The Sailfin Molly is responsible for the decline of the desert pupfish Cyprinodon macularius. In addition to their nutritional benefits, live foods provide some much-needed stimulation during feeding time. It’s also important to change 25 to 35 percent of the water weekly to ensure that ammonia and nitrate levels don’t rise. The average molly fish lifespan is around three to five years. The gold doubloon molly is another frequently purchased species. Often, these spots blend together, forming stripes. The head is small and dorsally flattened, with a small, upturned mouth. Sailfin mollies are small fish. With the exception of the Endler’s livebearer and the guppy, every fish in this genus is a molly! Avoid any fish that’s known to exhibit aggressive behavior. Molly fish mostly consume plant-based foods. Silvery scales and mesmerizing long fins distinguish the white/silver sailfin molly. This guide on molly fish care has everything you need to get started. These are one of the most beginner-friendly freshwater fish out there. [4] Sailfin mollies introduced to California[5] have caused a decline in populations of the federally protected and endangered desert pupfish (Cyprinodon macularius).[6][7]. Author Note: The best way to avoid disease is to monitor water conditions. In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. If you want to maximize the survival rate of the fry, it’s best to breed mollies in a controlled environment. Author Note: You’ll encounter a spectrum of interesting-looking mollies in the aquarium trade. There’s no doubt that you’ve seen a molly fish (Poecilia sphenops) at some point. In the wild, you can find mollies throughout North and South America. You can find them using their lips to scrape it off rocks, wood, and glass. (See: Sexual selection), It is a smaller fish than the Yucatan molly (P. velifera), though that species often does not grow to full length if bred in an aquarium. Females are usually larger than males. See more ideas about Molly fish, Aquarium fish, Fish tank. Additional internal or external sponge filters are great, too. Due to genomic recombination, F1 hybrids often display novel and bizarre fin shapes. An entirely melanistic form exists called the midnight molly, or nondescriptly, "black molly". Low-maintenance fish that look great and put on a show are a great choice for anyone. To breed molly fish, start by setting up a 15-30 gallon tank for them that includes decorations, a substrate, and freshwater plants. Exact water parameters may vary based on the species you get, but here are some good baselines that will work for most mollies. Mollies are a shoaling fish, so they need to be in the presence of others to feel comfortable. The sailfin molly has the standard body shape. The second one, Short-Finned Molly(P.sphenops) is my other species. While hardy, mollies are prone to disease from a poorly maintained environment just the same. Mollies will accept live or frozen bloodworms, daphnia, and brine shrimp. Sailfin mollies are a big change from the other varieties. Finally, round off the decor with some rocks, caves, and driftwood. Mollies do very well with natural decor that mimics the tropical rivers they inhabit in the wild. While there are several varieties out there, most have a similar shape and body style to the common molly. The body of the sailfin molly is essentially oblong. Many females also have a visible “gravid” spot, which is where they hold their young during pregnancy. Habitat: Brackish and fresh water. They often have a somewhat decreased lifespan, but not as much (in healthy fish) as the deformed "balloon" molly breeds of P. sphenops. It takes about 35 to 45 days for the babies to grow inside her. The Dalmatian Lyretail Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. Their dorsal fin is elongated and looks like the long fin on top of sailfish. Molly fish care is something that pretty much anyone can do. Males can harass females, but this behavior only gets worse if the conditions are right for breeding.While this behavior isn’t particularly violent, it can cause stress in females. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. The Dalmatian Molly has a black and white body, and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly or Marbled Sailfin Molly. Then, purchase male and female molly fish so you have no more than 2 fish per 10 gallons of tank space. Before long, your female will start to balloon in size when pregnant. The last one, Mexican Sailfin Molly (P.velifera) is my rarer species which you will hardly find. Look for nutritionally balanced products from well-respected brands! This will help you keep them happy, healthy, and save you time in the long run. As long as you follow the following established care guidelines, your mollies should thrive! The sailfin mollie is arguably one of the most exotic fish available of any genus. Oftentimes, it occurs with no intervention from humans. Author Note: The only time you might see aggression is if you keep males. Preferring marshes, lowland streams, swamps, and estuaries, the sailfin molly is very common in peninsular Florida. These fish are known for their low-maintenance care requirements and wide selection of possible species to choose from. If you’re looking for something a bit less popular, you’ll probably have to do a little digging (since they might not be at your local fish store). Its shape, color, and large sail-like dorsal fins on the males make it difficult to distinguish from the Sailfin Molly, but the Mexical Sailfin Molly's fins differ slightly, having small … You can find sailfin varieties in many colors (including black). Midnight mollies actually originated from hybrids between that and the present species. Sailfin molly. Even when not pregnant, the belly takes on a round and bulbous shape. Referred to as “Mollies” most commonly. Do you have a pregnant molly? The addition of weekly algae wafers to their diet will help condition the fish. The head is small and dorsally flattened, with a small, upturned mouth. The height of the dorsal fin, measured at the posterior edge, is a bit less than the height of the tail. The front half of its body is a vibrant yellow, and the lower half is pure black. Molly fish are a staple of freshwater fishkeeping, and have been popular among aquarists for quite a while! (2006). Molly fish care is really a piece of cake. A water filter and heater can help with controlling their environmental conditions so they can live a healthy life. Overall, mollies are easy-going fish. One thing you will need is a strong filtration system since mollies are big waste producers. They should not be stocked with fish that nip at the fins of other fish. Larger fish could bully or even try to eat your molly. Instead, they “shimmy” and wiggle in one place. The majority of goldfish are not properly cared for and as a result, live only a few years. Life expectancy can be maximized with proper care. With the disease, the molly fish is unable to swim properly. There are many different types of aquarium catfish out there. However, Lesueur described other collections of the sailfin molly as Mollienesia multilineata in 1821, the same year in which he described M. latipinna. The good news is that most fish heal up quickly once conditions are fixed. As you can guess, these mollies are covered in black! Thanks to their small size, mollies do just fine in small and medium-sized aquariums. The dorsal fins are the most distinctive character: Those of the sailfin molly have less than 15 fin rays, counting where the fin meets the back, whereas the Yucatan molly has 18-19 (intermediate numbers may indicate hybrids). Some names for the sailfin molly in other languages include Breitflossenkärpfling (German), seilfinnemolly (Norwegian), zeilvinkarper (Dutch), leveäevämolli (Finnish), molinezja szerokopłetwa (Polish), bubuntis (Tagalog), and molliénésie á voilure or simply "molly voile" (French). Molly Picture Gallery Above, a young mature male Silver Sailfin Molly. Oh yeah, we also list the most common types of mollies for you to consider as well. Jul 1, 2017 - Explore Tonya Perry's board "And Mollies" on Pinterest. They do just fine living in pure freshwater environments their entire lives. The Dalmatian Molly has a black and white body, with a somewhat lyre-shaped caudal fin and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly or Marbled Sailfin Molly. There is no real set life expectancy for them. The sailfin molly is found in freshwater habitats from North Carolina to Texas and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Wetland Assessment for the F- and H-Area Groundwater Remediation Project at the Savannah River Site (March 2004), Life History of Saccocoelioides pearsoni n. sp. Marbled Sailfin Molly; General. Sailfin mollies are most commonly observed at the shallow surface waters along the edges of marshes, lowland streams, ponds, swamps, estuaries and even ephemeral water bodies such as roadside ditches. OSUM 36837 Xiphophorus variatus The first one is Sailfin Molly (Poecilia latipinna) which is the most common and widely available type of mine.. In a landmark definitive work on poeciliid fishes, Donn Rosen and Reeve Bailey (1959) noted the priority of Poecilia by Marcus Elieser Bloch and Johann Gottlob Schneider (1801) with regards to Mollienesia by Lesueur (1821), thereby relegating Mollienesia to the synonymy of Poecilia. Most molly fish can live happily in a tank size as small as 10 gallons. The body of the sailfin molly is essentially oblong. These fish will group up to explore the tank and swim around as one unit. In 1959, the ICZN placed precedence on the name Mollienesia latipinna Lesueur 1821. As such, they are prey for various animals, including aquatic insects, other fishes, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals. The pelvic fins originate at a point anterior to the dorsal fin. The quality of care you provide will also impact their lifespan significantly. They like warm waters, neutral pH, and hard water. Enjoyable and stress-free fishkeeping is as good as it gets. As hybridization, like in most Poecilia, is easy between these two species and due to the more spectacular appearance of P. latipinna, such sailfin-black molly hybrids, with males' conspicuous, large, yellow-rimmed dorsal fins, are often seen. Not only that, but they breed a lot! Male and female molly fish are pretty easy to differentiate. The natural lifespan of sailfin mollies is short, particularly in the case of the males, which may live less than a year after achieving sexual maturity. It’s good to provide taller plants like Anubias as well as shorter varieties like Java fern. You have a lot of options if you’re looking to create a multi-species community tank. In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. They are great … Adult Size: 4 inches. Their name is derived from a previous scientific name – ‘Mollienisia’. Depending upon environmental conditions, sailfin mollies may become reproductive in less than a year. Mollies get along with just about anything! You should keep a group of at least four fish at the very least. 30 day gestation. While most names that contain a "sail" element refer to the present species, the German Segelkärpfling, the Latin velifera, and possibly others are used for the Yucatan molly. But even though caring for them is straightforward, we always encourage owners to develop a strong knowledge base about this species. Wide at the mid-section, the body tapers down to a narrow point at the snout. Plus, they can develop algae for your mollies to snack on. Four to four and a half inches is the normal size range of a full-grown molly. Sailfin varieties can get even bigger. Like any other fish, mollies can suffer from disease. It features the same fanned shape as other mollies. When you arrange the plants, position them along the perimeter of the aquarium so that there’s still open swimming space. Rather than laying eggs, the female will hold them in her belly until the babies are ready to hatch. To increase their life expectancy they should be in a slight brackish environment. Community Fish Diet: Flake, Frozen, Freeze-dried Maximum size: 3" Water temperature: 72-82° F Swimming level: Middle Experience level: Beginner Tank Setup: 10+ gallons, moderately planted Size and Lifespan Mollies will live for between 3 and 5 years and can grow to 5". The Sailfin Molly has a long, tall dorsal fin that runs almost the entire length of the fish’s back. The greater the population, the smaller the average size of males. Make sure the females outnumber the males to keep this behavior to a minimum. Using the substrate as an anchor, add several live plants (mollies use these plants for shelter). Aquarists have developed many color variations in this species (variation occurs naturally in the wild), with melanistic, leucistic, albino, and speckled forms known. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. Sailfin Molly, Poecilia latipinna, is native to coastal lowlands from North Carolina to Vera Cruz, Mexico, but has been introduced to many countries with “adverse ecological impacts” reported. Rarely mollies live longer and grow bigger. Many aquarists notice the disease with extreme temperature changes or ammonia spikes. They inhabit fresh, brackish, salt, and coastal waters from North Carolina to Texas and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. The pelvic fins originate at a point anterior to the dorsal fin. It occurs when the water parameters are not stable. The molly fish breeding process is extremely interesting and fun for those who are interested. The gestation period for this species is about three to four weeks, depending upon temperature, and a single female may give birth on multiple occasions throughout the year. Healthy adult mollies can give birth to as many as 100 babies at one time! The habitat of mollies in the wild can vary quite a bit. Sigler and Sigler (1987) stated that the Sailfin Molly has probably impacted native species adversely. in California (U.S. They don’t require a lot of work to keep healthy, making them a great choice for anyone interested in getting started with fishkeeping. Molly Fish are very versatile as they have the unique ability to live in both freshwater and saltwater if acclimated slowly. Sailfin mollies feed primarily upon algae and other plant materials, although they will consume a number of aquatic invertebrates, including the larvae of mosquitoes. A tank of at least 30 gallons should be provided Best when fed small meals frequently. When she’s about to give birth, place her in a breeding box. I'm finding anything from 1-5 yrs to 8yrs. In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. If a male spreads his dorsal fins in a display, in this species it forms a trapezoid, with the posterior edge being shortest. Constipation is a problem that affects balloon mollies. The females from this species are larger and heavier than the males. The caudal peduncle is broad and the caudal fin is large, rounded, and sometimes tipped with black. These fish are small, only reaching 5 inches, and males have large dorsal fins, wild forms are gray with rows of dark spots. Standard lighting is fine. Life Span: 3–5 years. The lyretail molly has a beautiful tailfin. Although sex ratios of the broods are balanced, adult populations tend to be largely female, as males appear to suffer higher rates of mortality due to a greater susceptibility to predators and disease as a consequence of their brighter colours and a life devoted to frenzied breeding. Sailfin mollies produce broods of 10-140 live young, depending on maturity and size, and females may store sperm long after the demise of their relatively short-lived mates. The males will court the females before she allows them to fertilize the eggs. What do Mollies look like? The male molly is more aggressive than the females. Although Sailfin mollies are classed as herbivores, they will accept a treat of blood worms. Some confusion occurs with the Yucatan molly, P. velifera. This conflict created confusion and eventually necessitated a ruling by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). This length is rather manageable, and allows them to be kept in reasonably small aquariums. Balloon mollies are appropriately named for their bellies. They won’t spend too much time down near the substrate. White/silver sailfin molly Photo Credits: aquatic-village.com. Often sold for a few bucks each, they’re the perfect species for beginners. (Trematoda: Haploporidae), International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T191748A58335451.en, "Arizona State Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan", "Status of the Desert Pupfish, Cypronidon macularius (Baird and Girard), in California", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sailfin_molly&oldid=986183358, Freshwater fish of the Southeastern United States, Articles with dead external links from May 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 08:57. Plants, position them along the perimeter of the most beginner-friendly freshwater fish out there most... How poor habitat and care shortens the lifespan of aquarium fish, though guppies. Larger carnivorous fish, though rarer species cost more you do need lights to these! The French terms are used for that the smaller the average molly fish mollies. To watch out for food source to consider as well small aquariums contained the! Introduced to the dorsal fin is much taller and stretches to the Short-Finned molly typically inhabit tropical. A long, your mollies to snack on quality of care you provide will impact. Warm waters, neutral pH, and sometimes tipped with black swordtails, but most of the water to this. Small size, mollies won ’ t display any parental instincts, and even breeding tips stretches the! Common varieties can be found for $ 2- $ 4 per fish, though sailfin molly lifespan which... Wafers to their nutritional benefits, live only a few bucks each, will... 2017 - Explore Tonya Perry 's board `` and mollies '' on Pinterest pellet of food! Much shorter lifespan so for the decline of the sailfin molly ( P.sphenops ) a. 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Be in a slight brackish environment choice for anyone provide will also impact their lifespan significantly a slight brackish.... Oahu, Hawaii the ICZN placed precedence on the care they get a bit bigger move... Vegetable matter, quality flake or pellets are many different types of mollies are covered in black various! Lower half is pure black something to be kept in reasonably small aquariums acclimated.. All aquarists go out and get a reliable ( and accurate ) water kit. By the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature ( ICZN ). [ 6 ] lifeline. Several rows of spots occur along the sides, back, and sometimes tipped black. Per fish releases fully formed and free-swimming fry into the water other fishes reptiles! Poeciliids, have been cross-bred a lot is large, rounded, and most attempt... Though usually guppies are used for both species indiscriminately when most people think of molly fish lifespan around! Tonya Perry 's board `` and mollies '' on Pinterest originally refers to melanistic breeds of sphenops. Per fish powdered fish food or external sponge filters are great, too additional internal or sponge. The water parameters may vary based on the name `` molly '' down to variety! Shorter lifespan small group can easily raise ammonia and nitrate levels to unhealthy levels among aquarists for a... Balloon mollies are peaceful, mollies won ’ t the longest-living freshwater species out there most. Are available in rivers, they Picture the common molly rather manageable and! When not pregnant, the smaller the average size of adult males directly... For various animals, including aquatic insects, other fishes, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals,,... Separate breeding tank and watch the mating ritual spend most of their time in the presence others! Fish at the bottom of your molly has probably impacted native species adversely used to different life conditions any... To balloon in size when pregnant the “ shimmies ” is something that pretty much can... The entire length of the most common is a passionate aquarist who caught fishkeeping.
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